Type of project: Basic/Translational, Nutraceutical/Mind and Body
Principal Investigator: Dr. Quentin Pittman
Institutions Affiliated: University of Calgary
Student: Keiko Chan (UGRAD)
Awards funded to project: 1
Background: Endocannabinoids are a group of chemicals in the brain that help regulate a number of processes, including mood, memory, appetite and immune functions. Cannabinoids may also be found outside the human body; for example, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active ingredient of marijuana, is a cannabinoid that exercises its effects on the human body by binding to the brain's endocannabinoid receptors. Anecdotally marijuana has been reported to alleviate Multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms. This project explored the role of endocannabinoid signalling in an MS to evaluate if there is scientific validity to these claims.
Findings: The MS mice treated with enhanced levels of anandamide (an endocannabinoid) displayed improved sensorimotor functions (clinical score), and reduced cellular markers of inflammation in the nervous system and reduced immune activity, which are the classic hallmarks of MS.
Implications: Endocannabinoid signalling appears to help moderate the immune activity that contributes to the symptoms of MS, helping validate anecdotal claims. These findings support the therapeutic use of marijuana for MS patients, achieving these effects might be possible through the brain’s normal endocannabinoid system. Further research is required to explore this possibility.
For their efforts and generous contributions to the Branch Out Neurological Foundation, this research project has been funded by and dedicated to the Mixed Bag for MS. This annual event helped raise more than $6,000 through an outpouring of support from local businesses, musicians, artists and community members.